Types of Retirement Plans

Getting to know the types of retirement plans that are available for you is important when planning retirement. In another article we covered the most common types of retirement plans, which are defined benefit plans and defined contribution plans, in which plans like IRAs, 401(k) and Social Security are included. However, there are other types of retirement plans that usually combine the characteristics of the two previously mentioned, so today we will explain you what you need to know about them.

      Hybrid and cash balance plans

Hybrid plans combine the characteristics of the two types of retirement plans previously explained, which are defined benefit and defined contribution plans.

For taxes, accounting and regulatory purposes they are considered as defined benefit plans. The major risk of the investment is assumed by the plan sponsor, as in defined benefit plans, but the benefits are expressed as a notional account balance and they are paid as cash balances when the employment is going to end, just like defined contribution plans.

A common example of a hybrid designed plan is the Cash Balance Plan, where the employee’s notional account balance grows by some defined rate of interest and annual employer contribution, and it maintains hypothetical individual employee accounts.

     Qualified Retirement Plans

     Qualified plans receive favorable tax treatment and are regulated by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA). However, there are plans that are not considered as qualified, like 401(k), but they are treated and taxed the same.

If a plan wants to receive favorable tax treatment, it must meet some strict requirements, such as offering life annuities in the form of a Single Life Annuity (SLA) and a Qualified Joint & Survivor Annuity (QJSA) and maintaining sufficient funding levels.

401(k) Plan

     In 401(k) plans, the retirement saving contributions is provided by an employer and deducted from the employee’s paycheck before taxation. In some cases, the employer may match these contributions.

There are some rules related to 401(k) plan. The most important is that there is a limit on the amount an employee may elect to defer from his or her salary before taxation each year.

Employees who have 401(k) are in charge of their retirement income by contributing part of their salary and directing their own investments.

Good Medicare Supplement plan is a good investment. Learn more here bestmedicaresupplementplans2019.com/medicare-supplement-plans-2019-tips-compare-options/.

SIMPLE Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs)

     SIMPLE IRAs are types of retirement plans provided by an employer which are similar to 401(k). The differences are that they offer simpler and cheaper administration rules and contribution limits are lower than other types of employer-provided retirement plans. SIMPLE IRAs are funded by before taxation salary reductions.

     Simplified Employee Pension Individual Retirement Accounts (SEP IRAs)

     SEP IRAs are usually used by business owners to provide retirement benefits for the business owner and their employees. These plans allow employees to make contributions on tax-favored basis to their Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) and funds can be invested. There aren’t significant reporting and disclosure requirements and all employees have to receive the same benefits in a SEP plan.

Nonqualified plans

As indicated by its name, nonqualified plans are plans that do not meet the requirements to receive favorable tax treatment and they are excluded from the restrictions applied to qualified plans.

Some nonqualified plans are 457(f) plans and Supplement Executive Retirement Plans (SERP). They are used to give additional benefits to important or highly paid employees, like executives.

Keogh plans

Keogh plans, also known as HR10, are retirement plans designed for self-employed people and small businesses. There are defined contribution Keogh plans and defined benefits Keogh plans. Their main benefit when compared to other retirement plans is that they offer higher limits of contribution.

Medicare Supplement Plans – What You Should Know

The moment you reach the age of 65 there is a need to make good decision when choosing programs that will cover your health care needs. Your options are either to choose the traditional Medicare or Medicare advantage plan. If you choose the first option you may need to enroll in Medicare supplement plans.


Medicare supplement plans come in 10 standard plans that are developed by Medicare. That is to say you’re getting the same benefit from any provider you choose as long as it is the same type of plan. But still there is difference of price because premiums may differ from one company to another. You should take time and compare the prices from different companies in your state before you enroll in any program.


Why Choose Medicare Supplement Plans?


Any plan you choose has certain benefits it offers, plans start from Plan A to Plan N. Plan G and C provide almost the same benefits, while the remaining plans have their own unique advantage. Medicare supplement plans will help you to cover your hospital expenses, Medicare Part B costs and nursing home costs. You can find the list of benefits each plan offer from the official Medicare website.


 Do Medicare supplement plans cover everything?

Medigap Plans don’t pay drug prescriptions, in order to take care of your drug coverage you need Plan D which is designed specifically for the purpose. Long term care costs are not included, but if you’re in a nursing home there is coverage for 100 days. Medicare supplement won’t pay dental care and vision costs.


 Is Everyone Qualified For Medicare Supplement?


If you apply immediately after enrolling into Medicare, normally within the first 6 months called the open enrollment period then you almost have a guaranteed approval. But after those six months there is not guarantee, your application might turn down or you have to pay more than you would pay within the open enrollment period.


 How Much Does It Cost?


Companies set their premium prices using different categories. Community rated plans are one of the cheapest and they even decrease as you become older. Issue age rated plans depend on your age by the time you join and the price remains the same even when you get older. While attained age plans will increase in price as you get older?


 Things Are Changing In The Near Future


The government has declared that it will stop plan F from Jan 1, 2020, but anyone who has already enrolled will remain with their plan. It’s just that new applicants will no longer be accepted. Even those enrolling in plan F, by 2020 they should expect premium to rise.


The health and importance of your care

If your health fails, you can outshine everything else that is happening in your life. From relatively minor health problems, such as aches and pains, lethargy and indigestion to the main health problems that can threaten their existence, health can really affect happiness and stress levels. When you decide to lead a healthier life brings a multitude of benefits to your body that will thank you and one will be the spirits and energy.

Instead of eating well just for the promise of looking better in your jeans, you must also commit to eating foods that increase your energy level and keep your system running smoothly. This can affect your health so much, you will see the payment sooner or later for not taking care of it, as in your day to day; you will feel fatigued, stressed, without mood or in a bad mood. Therefore, be careful what you eat is vital for harmony in your body.

With regard to health care, it is essential that they keep the sedentary life away and move daily, either with moderate efforts of low intensity or moderate walks; these will greatly favor the function of the respiratory organs and the blood flow through the heart to prevent heart disease. Many types of health care interventions are carried out outside the health centers, for example, we also have surveillance and awareness programs for better nutrition, intervention of interest to public health, distribution and education about health and health; as programs where needle exchange is carried out to prevent communicable diseases.

We have all heard the advice of “eating well and exercising,” but it can be difficult to fit into workouts on a tight schedule, especially when you feel exhausted by stress. The best way to adopt all this is to make it habit, such as exercise and good nutrition, adapting it to how you feel more comfortable.

Role of Medigap in Healthcare:

Aetna Medicare supplement play important roles in Healthcare as they provide such cost effective policies that makes several health services easy to get.  For those who don’t know, Medicare plans are actually health insurances that an individual purchase from any privately owned business to pay the medical or health care costs that are not paid by the Original Medicare, for example, deductibles, co-installments and medical care while a person is outside the U.S. There are a lot of different plans some covers the long haul care, vision care, dental care, eyeglasses, hearing aids or private nursing duties while some don’t cover all these things. Same goes with the prescriptions drugs. An individual has to pay a premium each month for the policy / plan. These plans are one of the best ways for the senior health care.



Medicare supplement plans basics, get to know details

Medicare is a confusing and complex subject.  In case you are going to be 65 or have crossed 65 years, you must be aware from the brochures and TV ads about the Medicare supplement plans and how this supplement program offers cover to the Original Medicare. You must know the ways to get enrolled.


Medicare supplement plans, in the United States refer to an insurance program that is since 1966. It is administered by the United States. It assures the access for Americans at the age of 65 and older to health insurance. It includes people who have paid for this health care system when they were working and if younger people are enrolled in this Medigap system, it is due to their disabilities. Basically, the Mutual of Omaha Medicare Supplement Plan G is to cover most of your essential medical costs. It is known as Parts A and B of Original Medicare. There are C and D of Medicare as well.


Medicare Eligibility

Medicare supplement plans are a health insurance program offered by the Federal to the U.S. legal residents and citizens. Adding to this it is expected, you must be:

  • 65 years or older
  • Younger than 65 with disability qualifying
  • No age limit if you have End stage renal disease also known as ESRD. These refer to kidney transplant or dialysis.


Medicare Enrollment

  • (IEP) Initial Enrollment Period. During this period you become eligible to get enrolled in Medicare. IEP is your personal timing based on your 65th birthday month. You are allowed sign up for 7- month period starting from 3 months before and following the 65th birthday month. You are also considered eligible if there is disability, and if so the timing is your disability date.
  • (AEP) Annual Enrollment Period.This period is to sign for Part C and D between 15th October and 7th In this period, you can drop or switch a Part D plan if you wish. The will be effective only on January 1st.
  • (GEP)General Enrollment Period. This is for people who did not enroll with IEP, but have to pay late enrolment as higher premium. It will start from 1st July as coverage.
  • (SEP) Special Enrollment Period. Signing for Part A and B if you have missed as you had some group health plan; you can now sign anytime and get it covered from the time the group health coverage or your employment ends.

Things to Consider When Choosing Medicare Supplement Policies

Statistics show that close to 10,000 people get a Medicare Cover on a daily basis. This brings with it the decision of whether or not to add a Medigap Policy to the cover as well. However, unlike in the case of Original Medicare Policies where everything is straightforward and the options are few, there are quite a number of Medicare Supplement Plans to choose from. This usually proves quite challenging and in most cases very confusing. The probability of making the wrong decision is usually quite high. Here are some of the factors you should apply to the 10 policies to enable you to narrow down the decision and arrive at the most beneficial Supplement insurance for you.

Click here http://www.medigapplansguide.com/medicare-supplement-plans-2019/ for online quotes.

Important Considerations for Assessing Medigap Policies

Before purchasing any policy, you need to properly assess and critique each of these two angles. Make sure that the agent selling you the policy clearly elaborates on these two aspects and satisfactorily answers your questions.

  1. The pricing mechanism

Premiums vary from state to state and company to company. This is because the premium determination methods applied are different. Do not just go for what is cheap at the moment, as this may turn out to be more of a financial burden in the future. Let the agent explain how each of the premiums is priced and how time and age will affect them. This will allow you to know which one is cheap at the moment, constantly expensive, constantly priced and which ones will become pricy later. The pricing method used is thus the most important aspect when it comes to selecting a Medigap Policy, not the prices of the premiums at the point of buying the policies.

  1. The reputation and rating of the insurance provider

Once you have gotten a clear picture of the pricing method, then you need to assess the company according to its rating. If you are stuck between two companies that are offering competitive price and the same pricing mechanism, then the reputation should be the deciding factor. At such a point, choosing the company with the better reputation and rating is your best alternative.

Other factors to consider are:

  1. Your personal preference

With the plans being standardized and the benefits being the same in spite of who covers you, then the decision for the plan should fall to a personal preference. If you are alright with paying for coinsurance and copays with each doctors visit, then you can opt for Medigap Plan N if that is not an acceptable option for you, then you can go for Plan F.

  1. Medical history

I come from a good gene pool and have no prior medical conditions nor are you at the risk of developing any, then a lower benefit policy will help save you a lot of money. On the other hand, if you are facing the exact opposite scenario, then a high benefit policy like Medigap Plan F will save you a lot of expenses.

How to Choosing Your Medicare Supplemental Plan

Medicare Supplement plans help pay Medicare Part A and Part B costs. Original Medicare, the health coverage you can get when you turn 65 or have a qualifying disability, consists of Medicare Part A and Part B. Part A provides hospital insurance, and Part B (medical insurance) covers doctor visits; preventive services like certain screenings and vaccinations; durable medical equipment; and other services and items. But Part A can come with substantial annual deductible and copayments or coinsurance for certain inpatient services. Medicare Part B also has copayments, coinsurance, a monthly premium, and an annual deductible. Medicare Supplement  (also known as Medigap and MedSupp) insurance can help downsize your Original Medicare cost burden.

Merits of Medicare supplemental plans include:- large medical bill protection, coverage outside the US, guaranteed acceptance even if you have a health condition without extra charges, guaranteed renewable policies and support even in portability amongst others.

A Medicare Supplement plan is generally offered through private insurance companies. These Medigap plans help pay some of the hospital and medical costs that Original Medicare doesn’t cover, such as copayments, coinsurance, and yearly deductibles. A person need to be already enrolled in Original medicare to be eligible for medigap coverage and hence they are not meant to provide stand-alone benefits.


Every Medigap policy must follow federal and state laws designed to protect you, and it must be clearly identified as “Medicare Supplement Insurance.” Insurance companies can sell you only a “standardized” policy identified in most states by letters. Each insurance company decides which Medigap policies it wants to sell, although state laws might affect which ones they offer. Also, Any standardized Medigap policy is guaranteed renewable even if you have health problems. This means the insurance company can’t cancel your Medigap policy as long as you pay the premium.

Find out more about Medigap www.medicaresupplementplansfor2018.org.

Medigap policies generally don’t cover long-term care, vision or dental care, hearing aids, eyeglasses, or private-duty nursing. A Medigap policy only covers one person. If you and your spouse both want Medigap coverage, you’ll each have to buy separate policies.

A lot of Americans have come to embrace this

We are aware that the government has standardized the policy which is why everyone can make use of it without worries. Everyone who wants to get a plan should first think along the plan premiums before making a choice. With the help of a doctor, you can still make your choice within a short time if you do not have enough information on the coverage to use.

Medicare and Medicare Advantage

Medicare is the federal health insurance program for individuals who are 65 or older, certain more youthful individuals with inabilities, and individuals with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant, sometimes called ESRD). In the event that you or your spouse have worked all day for at least 10 years over a lifetime, you are probably qualified to get Medicare Part A for nothing.


Section A covers inpatient hospital stays, care in a skilled nursing office, hospice care, and some home health care. What Medicare covers depends on, Federal and state laws, National coverage choices made by Medicare in the case of something is secured, neighborhood coverage choices made by organizations in each express that procedure claims for Medicare. These organizations choose whether something is medically essential and ought to be shrouded in their general vicinity.


Medicare Part B is accessible at a monthly rate set annually by Congress ($121.80 in 2016 for earnings $85000.00 or less for an individual). Part B covers certain doctors’ services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and preventive services. Some seniors are qualified to get the medical insurance parcel (Part B) free too, contingent upon their pay and asset levels. For more data, ask about the Qualified Medicare Beneficiary (QMB), Special Low Income Medicare Beneficiary (SLMB), and Qualifying Individual programs through your district social services office. Keep in mind, much of the time, if that you don’t agree to accept Part B when you are first qualified, you should pay a late enlistment penalty for whatever length of time that you have Part B. Your monthly premium for Part B may go up 10% for each full year time span that you could have had Part B, however didn’t agree to accept it. Likewise, you may need to hold up until the General Enrollment Period (from January 1 to March 31) to select in Part B, and coverage will begin July 1 of that year. For the most part, you don’t pay a late enlistment penalty if you meet certain conditions that enable you to agree to accept Part B amid a Special Enrollment Period.


Medicare Part C (Medicare Advantage Plans) is a sort of Medicare health design offered by a private insurance organization that has an agreement with Medicare to furnish you with all your Part An and Part B benefits. Medicare Advantage Plans incorporate Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO’s), Preferred Provider Organizations (PPO’s), Private Fee-for-Service Plans (PFFS’s), Special Needs Plans (SNP’s), and Medicare Medical Savings Account Plans (MSA’s). In case you’re selected in a Medicare Advantage Plan, most Medicare services are secured through the arrangement and are not paid for under Original Medicare. Most Medicare Advantage Plans have prescription drug coverage included.


Medicare Part D (prescription drug coverage) adds prescription drug coverage to Original Medicare, some Medicare Cost Plans, some Medicare Private-Fee-for-Service Plans, and Medicare Medical Savings Account Plans. These plans are offered by insurance organizations and other private organizations approved by Medicare.

More information here medicareadvantage2019.org.

Medicare Advantage Plans may likewise offer prescription drug coverage that takes after a unique rules from Medicare Prescription Drug Plans. Remember, you may owe a late enrollment penalty if you abandon a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (Part D), or without a Medicare Advantage Plan (Part C) (like a HMO or PPO) or other Medicare health arrange for that offers Medicare prescription drug coverage, or without respectable prescription drug coverage for any constant time of 63 days or more after your Initial Enrollment Period is finished.

Comprehensive Information on Medicare Supplemental Plans

A Medicare Supplemental Plan (Medigap) helps to cover some of the health care costs like copayments, coinsurance and deductibles that are not covered by Original Medicare. You must have Medicare Part A and Part B before applying for a Medicare supplement plan. Medicare supplemental plans only cover an individual and can be purchased from any licensed insurance company in your state. However, Medicare supplement plans don’t cover long-term care, vision or dental care, eyeglasses, hearing aids, or private-duty nursing. Other types of insurance plans like Medicare Advantage Plans, Medicare prescription drug plans, Medicaid, Tricare, Long term care insurance policies aren’t Medigap plans.


There are 10 Medicare supplement plan types available in most states, and each plan is labeled with a unique letter that tally with a certain coverage level. In most states excluding Minnesota, Wisconsin and Massachussets, Medigap plans have the same standardized benefits for each letter category. The plans are Plan A, Plan B, Plan C, Plan D, Plan F, Plan G, Plan K, Plan L, Plan M and Plan N respectively.

Plan A is the basic plan which covers the fewest benefits. Plans B, C and D are somewhat alike with few differences. Plans F and G offers the highest level of coverage of the 10 plans. If you need help with certain Original Medicare costs and you want a lower-cost supplement plan with very basic coverage, then Medigap Plan K is ideal for you. Plan L offers somewhat less coverage than other plans, but it does have a cap on your out-of-pocket spending, which most Medicare supplement plans don’t offer. Plans M and N offer good coverage but not all of their coverage are fully 100%. The table below shows more details of the plans.  For more comparisons on the plans go to Comparemedicaresupplementplans2019.com.

Key: “Yes” means the plan covers 100% of the benefit.



Medicare Supplemental Plans


Medicare Part A coinsurance and hospital costs up to additional 365 days Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Medicare Part B coinsurance or copayment Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 50% 75% Yes Yes**
First three pints of blood Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 50% 75% Yes Yes
Medicare Part A hospice coinsurance or copayment Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 50% 75% Yes Yes
Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) coinsurance No No Yes Yes Yes Yes 50% 75% Yes Yes
Medicare Part A Deductible No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 50% 75% 50% Yes
Medicare Part B Deductible No No Yes No Yes No No No No No
Medicare Part B Excess Charges No No No No Yes Yes No No No No
Foreign Travel Emergency (Up to Plan Limits) No No 80% 80% 80% 80% No No 80% 80%
Out-of-Pocket Limit*** None None None None None None $5,240 $2,620 None None

Ensure you understand how the insurance company rates its premiums, so as to have an accurate idea of how much will be for your plan now and in the future.

Plan F in Medicare supplement plans 2019

Medical expenses

Medicare is the commonly used plans for insurance for the medical expenses. Usually Medicare has some supplements plans which are useful when you need to pay certain out of pocket medical expenses.

The Medicare supplements plans keeps on changing after few years. If you are planning to take the Medicare plan in 2019 then consider some of the following things for yourself. The plan F is one of the Medigap plans 2019 which has went through some transformation and let us discuss whether you should take it or not.

Plan F

If you get the plan F then you can enjoy the whole coverage for the medical expenses. There is no different in one F plan to another. It is the plan which is almost similar to the Medicare supplements and it is sold through the insurance companies only. They are the companies which can easily choose their prices which they wish to charge for the plans and also pick the plan which their wish to. They cannot decide about the coverage which can be offered with plan. Only Medicare has the power to change affects and guarantee the coverage of the Medicare supplement plan 2019.

Plan f is the plan which has the guaranteed coverage and it is not scheduled to be changed in 2019. If you have a look at the plan coverage in present time then you can understand the different between the plan in 2018 and 2019. This is the supplement plan which is known as the full coverage plan and it will be covering every supplemental expense which you can accrue. Usually people ask about the supplemental expenses. They are the medical expenses which you have to pay by your own self from your pocket even though if you are having the Medicare basic plan.

There are times when even if you have the supplement plans you need to pay for the supplemental expenses but it is not the case with the Medicare supplemental plans 2019 plan F. It is the one which takes care for all of your medical expenses. The medical costs which are let over by the basic Medicare will be covered by the supplemental plans.

If you have bought the basic Medicare plan and the supplements plan F then you don’t need to worry about the medical expenses to be expense from your own pocket. It is the best thing which has changed in 2019.